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Problems of Agriculture Pakistan and Solution

8 Nov

Pakistan’s high potential for producing food is an internationally established fact.  However, agriculture sector in Pakistan is facing significant challenges.  Some of these challenges are:

  1. Communication gap between farmers and agriculture information providers including agricultural advisories and product sellers
  2.  Shortage of water, power and capital

Fortunately, progress in mobile communication and information technology has the potential to provide significant support to farmers in surmounting these challenges.  Some of the technologies that can be leveraged include: Mobile communication and smart consumer devices like phones, PDA’s etc.

Integrated use of these technologies can lead to optimization of individual farmer’s operations as well as accurate estimation of total farm production at district and farm level. A number of efforts have been made to leverage mobile communication to assist farmers. These efforts have had mixed results. One of the key short comings in these efforts has been a lack of analysis and understanding of farmers’ end-to-end information flow requirements.

Mobile phone is the most common means of communication that is available to every farmer across the country. Most farmers have access to mobile phones (price range from Rs.2500-3500) and mobile network coverage is quite widespread in the country (up to 70% penetration). So the information delivery to the farmers through mobile phones is most likely to resolve the communication gap among farmers and agricultural advisories.

Information about weather, seeds, trusted pesticide and fertilizer suppliers, pesticide sprays, crop diseases and their solutions, comparative pricing of crops and inputs, balanced fertilizers and marketing techniques is the information most needed by the farmers.

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