Tag Archives: technology

South Korea mobile network touted as world’s fastest

26 Jun


(Courtesy DAWN.COM) SEOUL, South Korea – South Korea’s largest mobile operator is this week launching what it says is the world’s fastest wireless network.

Picture shows an HTC One XL smartphone, designed for use with the new ultra-fast mobile broadband 4G network, during a news conference in Zurich November 28, 2012. — Reuters Photo


SK Telecom Co. said Wednesday that the LTE-Advanced network can download data at speeds twice as fast as LTE networks and 10 times faster than third generation services.

With a transfer rate of 150 megabits per seconds, the network can download an 800 megabyte movie in just 43 seconds.

The service will be initially available in Seoul and its suburbs.

South Korea has witnessed rapid growth of the fourth-generation LTE, or Long Term Evolution, service as the country’s mobile phone users are quick to adopt faster wireless technologies

More than 60 percent of South Korea’s 33 million smartphone users have subscribed to the LTE service.

GSA, an association of network suppliers, projects that LTE networks will be available in 87 countries by the end of 2013.

With the launch of the new mobile technology, SK Telecom has begun selling the Galaxy S4 LTE-A smartphone made by Samsung Electronics Co. that can run on the fastest network.

The LTE-Advanced technology, however, has room for improvement. While it boasts the fastest download speed, its upload speed is same as LTE networks at 37.5 mbps.


In Pakistan we are unable to move to the 3G yet…………………………………….

ICT R&D Fund Announces ICT Research and Development Awards 2013-Deadline 30-Jun

25 Jun


How mobile phones are transforming African agriculture? Why can’t we in Pakistan?

23 Jan

First of all I was much much surprised about the maturity of mobile based agriculture services in Africa. Although I knew some of application using  mobile phones for agricultural   information delivery in Africa. I have recenlty gone through an article on http://www.howwemadeitinafrica.com  named as “How mobile phones are transforming African agriculture” . It contains the review of all the successful mobile phone based services operating in Africa.  After reading the article I am much much motivated that we  in  Pakistan can also transform our agriculture through the mobile phone based services.  It needs only some sincere efforts from Government and Private Sector both. There is no rocket science in  technology required for this purpose.  I have already developed system for this purpose but I need co-operation from some agriculture expert to make a successful bussiness plan. I already have a business plan but needs some consultation.

I am pasting here the same article. I have copied it only for the purpose awarness in this area in Pakistan.

Mobile phone technologies are presenting Africa’s smallholder farmers with an unprecedented opportunity to run their operations more productively and to grow their own income levels.

Ghana-based service Esoko sends farmers crop prices and supplies directly to their phones.

Ghana-based market information service Esoko provides farmers with crop prices directly to their phones.

Private companies, budding IT entrepreneurs, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) as well as governments are all involved in a variety of mobile phone-based products, services and applications (small software programmes that users can access on their handsets) aimed at boosting small-scaleagriculture.

Market information systems

One of the largest challenges traditionally experienced by Africa’s smallholder farmers has been a lack of transparent information about the market prices of crops. A number of new mobile phone-based services is, however, addressing this problem by giving farmers access to market prices, enabling them to negotiate better deals with traders and improve the timing of getting their crops to market. These services typically include a function where famers can send a SMS text message to a specific number which then gives them wholesale and retail prices of crops.

Mobile-based market information systems have been around for a while. According to a document published by the Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa (FARA), some of the first services were launched as early as 2002. The success of these earlier services has, however, been haphazard, largely because of lower mobile penetration rates at that stage as well as a lack of a viable business plans behind many of the projects. “A lot of the projects are donor funded and they haven’t got a viable business model on the other end. Once the funding runs out the ability to sustain the project or . . . application disappears,” says Matthew de Gale, ICT services manager at the Southern African NGO Network (SANGONeT), an organisation also involved in developing mobile applications for farmers.

New generation of services

The explosion of mobile phones on the African continent and much reduced data costs, has led to the development of improved products for farmers.

One of the most successful technologies is arguably the Esoko service developed by Ghana-based BusyLab. Orginally established in 2005 as TradeNet, the company was rebranded as Esoko in 2009, operating on a new platform with a broader set of tools. In addition to providing access to market prices, farmers and traders can also place buy/sell orders. Esoko has attracted investment from the International Finance Corporation, the Soros Economic Development Fund and well-known Silicon Valley engineer Jim Forster. Through a variety of partnership agreements, the company currently has a presence in ninecountries on the continent.

“I think the potential to transform value chains and market access through mobile is enormous,” Forster said at the time of announcing his investment. “I believe this doesn’t need to be about aid in the sense we know it now. Here’s a local company building an innovative product to meet a local need and selling it in a profitable way. That’s how I want to see Africa develop its own markets and capacities, and that’s why I decided to support Esoko.”

Many of the new applications go beyond merely providing farmers with market information. Kenya’s M-Farm, developed by an all-girl team of developers, allows farmers to group together through their mobile phones to offer exporters and big retailers large quantities of crops. Farmers connected through M-Farm can also save on the cost of inputs such as fertilisers and pesticides by buying in bulk.

Earlier this month, in Ghana, the pilot phase of a programme called CocoaLink was launched by the Ghana Cocoa Board (COCOBOD), chocolate manufacturer The Hershey Company and the World Cocoa Foundation (WCF). The programme uses mobile technology to connect cocoa farmers with useful information about improving farming practices, farm safety, crop disease prevention, post-harvest production and crop marketing. Through voice and SMS messages delivered in their local language or English, cocoa farmers will receive the information at no charge. They also will be able to share information and receive answers to specific questions relating to their cocoa farming livelihoods.

In the area of livestock, SANGONeT is involved with an application that allows small-scale dairy farmers in East Africa to record the lactation history of their cows. This allows farmers to increase the sale price of their animals.

Access to insurance

Mobile phones are also being used to distribute agricultural insurance products to farmers, most of whom cannot afford conventional insurance. A product called Kilimo Salama, Swahili for ‘safe agriculture’, enables smallholder farmers in Kenya to insure their agricultural inputs against adverse weather conditions, such as drought or too much rain. Developed by UAP Insurance, the Syngenta Foundation for Sustainable Agriculture and mobile operator Safaricom, Kilimo Salama allows smallholder farmers to insure as little as one kilogramme of maize, seed or fertiliser. To be covered under the scheme, farmers only need to pay an extra 5% for a bag of seed, fertiliser or other inputs.

Mobile technology plays a central role in the scheme as it is used both for registration of new policies as well as for payouts. Kilimo Salama is distributed mostly through agro dealers that have been equipped with a camera phone that scans a special bar code at the time of purchase, which immediately registers the policy with UAP Insurance over Safaricom’s mobile data network. This innovative application then sends a SMS message confirming the insurance policy to the farmer’s handset. Payouts are determined by automated weather stations that monitor the rainfall. Based on the stations’ measurements and a predefined formula of crop rainfall needs, payouts are automatically made to farmers using Safaricom’s mobile money transfer service M-PESA. Farmers don’t have to fill out any claim forms. Since its official launch in 2010, the scheme has already made payouts to numerous farmers. Other insurance companies have since also introduced similar products.

It is expected that products like Kilimo Salama will increase productivity since only about half of Kenyan farmers invest in improved seeds and soil inputs. A key reason for the low demand is the fear among farmers that poor conditions, such as drought, will render their investment worthless, robbing them of both their crops and their savings.

“This ‘pay as you plant’ type insurance allows farmers to try out insurance, a product they have never bought before and which has a negative reputation in Kenya,” said the Syngenta Foundation in a statement. “Experience shows that as farmers learn to trust insurance, they expand their coverage and are comfortable investing more in their farm, raising their productivity and increasing their food security.”

I invite all the agricultural professional to co-operate with us regarding the development of such services in Pakistan. I must mention that agriculture Pakistan have great opportunities for “Entreprenurship”. Some come out to help Pakistan and raise our standards of livings.

Contact Me: +92-345-7055195

Email: mahtabrasheed195@gmail.com

References : here

Online Class Room Management System (Business Requirements)

16 Jan

Online Class Room Management System (Business Requirements)


Students and teachers are sitting at different geographical locations can attend the class. Where they can create the environment like actual class room and perform all the normal tasks which they perform in actual class room.


We can achieve the above goals by developing an online system which should provide the following features

Registration in a class

  • Plan or schedule your class and invite students and teachers. The invited attendees could receive an E-mail with details to the class and a link to online class room.
  • Teachers and Students can join the class by registering themselves.
  • Sharing the time table with teachers and students.

Audio and Video Communication

  • Audio and video communication between the teacher and students using microphones and webcams. Student can watch the students attending the class and vice versa.

White Board

  • White Board feature with full range of tools and facility to open presentations / documents / drawing.
  • Whiteboard with drawing, writing, Drag and Drop, Resizing, Images (Drag and Drop from PC) and Symbol(s).

Screen Sharing

  • Teachers and students can share their screens with each other’s.

Asking Question/Chat

  • Students and teachers can do text chat with each other where students can ask questions and vice versa.


  • During a Class, the moderator can adjust the user permission to every user individually.
  • Allow/Deny moderation
  • Allow/Deny to draw on whiteboard
  •  Allow/Deny screen share/record screen
  •  Allow/Deny Remote Control Screen



  • Students can participate in different lab and quiz exercises, ask questions, and receive feedback.

Polls and Votes

  • Polls and Votes: You can create a poll with yes/no or 1-10 questions let the user vote and see the voting results.

Private Message

  • Students to teacher private messaging and student to student private messaging.

How to install/configure Kannel(SMS Gateway) for sending SMS from your computer?

10 Jan

Kannel Installation and Configuration as SMS gateway Server


  1. Download latest version of Kannel http://www.kannel.org/download.shtml
  2. Unzip it into some directory
  3. Before installation of Kannel we have to install a dependency libxml2. To install libxml2 we can download it from the following link. ftp://gd.tuwien.ac.at/pub/libxml/
    • After extracting the package cd into the directory where it is extracted.
    • Type ./configure
    • make
    • make install
    • to check whether the installation is successful or not type this command: make tests
  4. After installation of libxml2 now we will be able to install the Kannel. Now repeat the above  steps which we repeated for the libxml2 installation
    • cd into directory where Kannel is unzipped and then type the following commands
    • ./configure
    • make
    • make install
  5. Now Kannel is installed and ready for the configuration


  1. Kannel has three parts bearerbox, smsbox and wapbox. We will need only two bearerbox and smsbox as we are going to setup it as SMS gateway server. Bearerbox is the main queue and smsbox handles the smscs.
  2. Now we need configuration of each beaerbox and smsbox to run the Kannel according to device attached. Configuration of bearerbox and smsbox is written into a configuration file sometimes but not necessarily named as ‘smskannel.conf’.
  3. How to find the ‘smskannel.conf’? Open the terminal and type this command > locate smskannel.conf. Now you the open the ‘smskannel.conf’ by the path returned by the command.
    • After opening the ‘smskannel.conf’ you will see different types of groups there. E.g. Core group, smsc group, modem group and smsc service groups.  You can refer Kannel installation guide for further information.
  4. By default bearerbox  and smsbox installation files lies in /usr/local/sbin
  5. Now copy the ‘smskannel.conf’ into /usr/local/sbin
  6. Modem which will be used with Kannel should support ‘AT+CNMI’ command otherwise modem will not work with Kannel.
  7. We can check if our modem is detected or not by this command > ls /dev . If modem is being detected then we will see ttyACM0 / ttyUSB0 in result.
  8. To check whether’ AT+CNMI’ command is supported on the modem or not we have to test it through serial port. In Linux we can open our device through serial port using ‘minicom’.

1 3 4 52 3 4 5

If get error in return then you cannot use that modem with Kannel and if you get out put something like above then you can use that modem with Kannel.

  • Now run the bearerbox by this command
    •  bearerbox  smskannel.conf
  • Now run smsbox by this command opening a new terminal and going into directory
    • smsbox smskannel.conf
  • smskannel.conf for Motorola Razer V3 is given below

*******************************smskannel.conf starts here********************************



# There is only one core group and it sets all basic settings

# of the bearerbox (and system). You should take extra notes on

# configuration variables like ‘store-file’ (or ‘store-dir’),

# ‘admin-allow-ip’ and ‘access.log’

group = core

admin-port = 13003

smsbox-port = 13004

admin-password = bar

#status-password = foo

#admin-deny-ip = “”

#admin-allow-ip = “”

log-file = “/usr/local/Log/kannel.log”

box-deny-ip = “*.*.*.*”

box-allow-ip = “”

access-log = “/usr/local/Log/access.log”


#—————–Modem Group————

group = modems

id = motorola

name = “ATI 144”

detect-string = “Motorola”

init-string = “AT0”

init-string= “ATQ0 V1 E1 S0=0 &C1 &D2 +FCLASS=0”

init-string = “AT+CNMI=3,2,0,0,0”

init-string = “AT+CMEE=2;+CNMI=3,1,0,0,0”

reset-string = “ATZ”


need-sleep = true

keepalive-cmd = “AT+CBC;+CSQ”

enable-mms = true




#this is for Motorola Razer V3i

group = smsc

smsc = at

smsc-id = Motorola Razer V3i

modemtype = motorola


my-number = 00923348648921

sms-center= 00923330005150

connect-allow-ip =

log-level = 0



group = smsbox

bearerbox-host =

sendsms-port = 13013

global-sender = 13013

#sendsms-chars = “0123456789 +-”

#log-file = “/tmp/smsbox.log”

#log-level = 0

#access-log = “/tmp/access.log”




# These users are used when Kannel smsbox sendsms interface is used to

# send PUSH sms messages, i.e. calling URL like

# http://kannel.machine:13013/cgi-bin/sendsms?username=tester&password=foobar…

group = sendsms-user

username = tester

password = foobar


#user-deny-ip = “”

#user-allow-ip = “”



group = sms-service

keyword = nop

text=”Working nop key word searched”

# There should be always a ‘default’ service. This service is used when no

# other ‘sms-service’ is applied.

#group = sms-service

#keyword = sub


group = sms-service

keyword = rgs


group = sms-service

keyword = default

catch-all = yes


#text=”Mahtab Rasheed”


*******************************smskannel.conf ends here*********************************

Frequently Asked Question

Question: After the installation of the gateway, do I have to connect each
mobile phone / sim of the network i want to send to?
You need to connect a GSM modem/ mobile phone containing a SIM.  Now Kannel will use that SIM to send SMS automatically. You don’t need additional SIMS to send SMS to other networks.
Question: Will I be charged for any message I send using this platform?
Yes you will be charged as regular SMS cost. Kannel is the only gateway who can do the job automatically through your PC instead of send it manually from your mobile phone.

Using mobile technology to improve farming skills in Thailand

19 Nov

Food of thought for Pakistanis

If Thailand can implement this system (described below ) successfully why not we? Agriculture is our back bone and we can educate our farmers through this type of service.

I need your suggestion / comments

Can this system be implemented in Pakistan?

If not what are the reasons?

Thai farmers can access useful information on agricultural developments by using the dtac service “*1677 Farmer Information Superhighway”.

Mrs Rungnabha Yordmai, a 36 years old rice farmer and subscriber of *1677, has received daily information on ‘rice cultivation’ since May 2009.

Free agricultural SMS updates

The subscription service “*1677 Farmer Information Superhighway” is free for Happy (dtac’s youth brand) and dtac customers. By subscribing to the service, farmers will receive SMSes to their mobile phones every day, containing updated agricultural information on

  • market trends
  • commercial crops
  • new farming techniques
  • interesting know-how
  • important news update
  • warnings on weather conditions etc.

The farmer’s can subscribe to three different topics: rice, fruits & vegetables and livestock & fishery.

By using this service, farmers gain knowledge to advance their farming skills and techniques that help them improve productivity, reduce costs, and increase income while also getting maximum benefits from mobile phone usage.

“I’m eager to learn about farming and agricultural techniques, but I seldom have the chance to attend any training courses. So I think it’s great to learn from *1677 as the info is sent daily to my mobile phone,” says Mrs Rungnabha Yordmai, a 36 years old rice farmer and subscriber of *1677. She has received daily information on ‘rice cultivation’ since May 2009. “It’s a convenient approach of providing information, but can also be a good comforting support to farmers.

Developed into a Mobile Application
The SMS service was introduced in 2008 by the Telenor Group Thai mobile operator dtac together with the Rak Ban Kerd foundation and the Ruam Duay Chuay Kan DFM Radio Station.

In 2012, the service was extended with a “Farmer Information” application available on iPhone and iPad. The application offers up-to-date agricultural information such as comparing product prices at the major markets in Bangkok. This enables farmers and consumers to keep track of the market development and to make the right buying and selling decision at the right time. The application aims to pave the way for online marketing or e-commerce in the future.

Experts’ consultation at help centre
Subscribers of the service may also access the information through the farmers’ help centre. The information centre, accessible across the nation, provides access to the network of 123 successful farmers and academics for experts’ consultation.

Traditional farming techniques
Thailand is an agricultural country with over 60 % of the population working in this sector. However, more than 80 % of the Thai farmers are still poor and in debt. This is because most of them still base their productivity on outdated farming processes and follow traditional farming techniques which imply:
•    high production costs
•    no marketing knowledge to sell their product
•    inefficient know-how to improve the farming techniques

*1677 empowers the farmers with knowledge
The Thai farmers living in remote areas tend to be too far away to gain new knowledge on agriculture. The *1677 Farmer Information Superhighway is thus adopted in order to solve these problems and empower the farmers with knowledge in their hands through the use of mobile phones.

Improving farming skills and techniques
Based on the techniques Mrs Yordmai has received from *1677 Farmer Info, she has applied self-made biological fertilizer on the same plot of land. The production cost and the cost of fertilizer have been significantly reduced with 67 % while gaining an increased production capacity of 40 %.

300,000 active subscribers
Since the launch of the service on 12 August 2008, there are more than 300,000 active subscribers in June 2012.

Seminars and workshops to establish farmers’ network
Apart from sending SMSes and having the service available as a mobile application, dtac and partners have also organized seminars and workshops to help the Thai farmers establish the “farmers help farmers’ network” and learn agricultural techniques based on the “sufficiency economy”. The workshops and seminars have been held in every region and there are more than 20,000 farmers from all over the country have joined the activities so far.

Samnuek Rakbankerd Farmer Awards
Once a year, dtac and its partners Samnuek Rakbankerd Foundation and Ruamduaychuaykan DFM Radio Network is handing out the Samnuek Rakbankerd Farmer Award. The award is granted to ten farming communities from every region of Thailand innovating agricultural products.  In 2011, there were more than 30 farming practices that submitted the applications for consideration. The winners of the award will be part of the network sharing knowledge and agricultural practices through the *1677 Farmer Information Superhighway services.

Shared value for the society
Studies by the Boston Consulting Group and Deloitte show that the telecom industry makes an important contribution to economic and social welfare and is an important driver of social and economic development.
“The “1677* Farmer Information Superhighway” is an excellent example showing how we successfully extend information and telecommunication technologies to the benefit of the society as a whole,” said Perapong Klinla-or, Vice President for Corporate Social Responsibility at dtac.

Award winning service

dtac and the *1677 Farmer Information Superhighway service has won several awards:

dtac wins ICT awards 2011

dtac wins ICT Excellence Award 2009

dtac wins Corporate Social Responsibility  award 2008

Socio-economic impact of telecommunication

Telenor Group has commissioned studies on the socio-economic impact of mHealth, mobile financial services, the Internet and of mobile communications. The findings show that the telecom industry is an important driver of social and economic development.

This article is copied from Telenore Thailand website.


How to write in Urdu from your computer without having Urdu keyboard ?

11 Nov

Today I am going to tell you a very interesting thing. I learned it after much efforts so I think that it should be shared with all Urdu lovers.

The most easy and comfortable way is to install Google Transliteration. There is difference between translation and transliteration. You can download it from here link




When you installed Google Transliteration Input Tool, you will see a language bar at the right side of your task bar. You can select Urdu from the options as shown below



Congratulations you have done it successfully. Now if you type in Roman Urdu text will be converted into Urdu Font.

E.g   if you type “main” it will be converted into “میں “ automatically .

Some people have Urdu keywords printed on their keyboards along with English. The people who have Urdu keyboards can type Urdu easily by changing computer’s language to Urdu. You can see below

Go to Start->Control Panel->Region and Language->Keyboards and Languages->Change Keyboards->General->Add->Urdu->Ok

Then get language bar on your task bar and select Urdu.


If you have any difficulty in setting Urdu at your PC I am open for help. Contact me through comments.

Copy Rights @Mahtab Rasheed

How does Google make its Revenue?

11 Nov

Many of us have some questions related to Google source of income. So I searched and found some  related info. Google main source of income is advertising. 97% of its revenue is from advertising.

Where Does Google Make Its Money? [ infographic ]

Problems of Agriculture Pakistan and Solution

8 Nov

Pakistan’s high potential for producing food is an internationally established fact.  However, agriculture sector in Pakistan is facing significant challenges.  Some of these challenges are:

  1. Communication gap between farmers and agriculture information providers including agricultural advisories and product sellers
  2.  Shortage of water, power and capital

Fortunately, progress in mobile communication and information technology has the potential to provide significant support to farmers in surmounting these challenges.  Some of the technologies that can be leveraged include: Mobile communication and smart consumer devices like phones, PDA’s etc.

Integrated use of these technologies can lead to optimization of individual farmer’s operations as well as accurate estimation of total farm production at district and farm level. A number of efforts have been made to leverage mobile communication to assist farmers. These efforts have had mixed results. One of the key short comings in these efforts has been a lack of analysis and understanding of farmers’ end-to-end information flow requirements.

Mobile phone is the most common means of communication that is available to every farmer across the country. Most farmers have access to mobile phones (price range from Rs.2500-3500) and mobile network coverage is quite widespread in the country (up to 70% penetration). So the information delivery to the farmers through mobile phones is most likely to resolve the communication gap among farmers and agricultural advisories.

Information about weather, seeds, trusted pesticide and fertilizer suppliers, pesticide sprays, crop diseases and their solutions, comparative pricing of crops and inputs, balanced fertilizers and marketing techniques is the information most needed by the farmers.

Copy Rights @Mahtab Rasheed. Please do not copy without permission.  Contact:mahtabrasheed195@gmail.com

What is PI Server?

2 Nov

Much of this information is copied from OSI Soft

Business Challenge: Where PI Server is used?

Process-focused manufacturing companies produce copious amounts of data from a wide variety of sources throughout their operations. Usually data of plants like you have installed boilers, chillers etc. Plant managers and business executives need to have access to this information, in a meaningful and practical format, so they can direct operations toward best profitability and
productivity, and conduct effective business planning. Information aggregation from a multitude of sources manually or through custom programming can be costly and slow to deliver business value. E.g previously this process was manual. Plant manger manually collect the reading and then process. Important thing here is that process was manual i,e done by the humans.

Companies need to find a way to unify the streams of information from many sources into a single, comprehensive system that lets them accomplish their business goals as they manage their operation to achieve the highest levels of performance
and productivity.

PI Server: What it is?

The PI Server™ is the real-time data collection, archiving and distribution engine that powers the PI System™. The PI Server brings all relevant data from your many disparate sources into a single system, secures it so appropriate access is given to individuals based on their roles and delivers it to users at all levels of the company in a uniform and consistent manner. The PI Server optimizes data storage to provide needed fidelity while delivering data instantly. As a result, users have a comprehensive real-time and historical
view into operational, IT infrastructure and business activities enabling them to make timely and profitable decisions.